Inuit-Controlled Education in Arctic Quebec



"In the pages of this book, you will read of the efforts of many to fearlessly audit the state of education in Nunavik. To diligently seek improvement of an already good system. To fix what is not necessarily broken so that those who come after us will have it even better than we did. The various tensions and differences of opinion are, to me, not contentious at all. The status quo, however good or excellent, is no place to stay. I think all recognize this." - Zebedee Nungak, from the Foreword

As a history of the development of self-government in education, Nunavik : Inuit-Controlled Education in Arctic Quebec provides Native perspectives on formal education in Nunavik while offering readers a unique view into contemporary Inuit society. This book documents the development of education from the arrival of the first traders and missionaries in the mid-nineteenth century through the creation of the Kativik School Board and the evaluation of its operations by the Nunavik Education Task Force in the 1990s.

Nunavik takes a detailed look at the complex debate of the Inuit of Northern Quebec about the purposes, achievements, and failures of the public schools in their communities, the first Inuit-controlled school district in Canada. Participants in these debates included elders who were educated traditionally, their children with a few years of education in mission and government schools, their grandchildren who attended southern high schools or residential schools, and current students and recent graduates of the Kativik schools. Qallunaat (non-Inuit) were also participants, as residents of Nunavik communities, parents of Inuit children, teachers, administrators, and expert consultants.

Illustrated with rich historical photographs (many in colour) and maps from the collections of the Avataq Cultural Institute and the Makivik Corporation, Nunavik provides a uniquely Native perspective on school change in indigenous communities.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Nunavik 1
Contents 8
Foreword 9
Introduction 13
1 Educational Change in an Arctic World 22
2 A History of Nunavik 42
3 Traditional Education and European Impact 62
4 The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement 84
5 Kativik School Board: The First 10 Years 106
6 Symposium '85 and Calls For Change 124
7 Launching the Nunavik Educational Task Force 146
8 The Communities Speak Out 172
9 The Education Review Committee Takes Control 196
10 Coming Together: The Task Force Report and the School Board Response 234
11 Conclusion: Indigenous Models for Educational Change 258
Appendices 276
Bibliography 346
Index 350
C 350
B 350
A 350
G 351
D 351
E 351
F 351
H 352
I 352
K 352
J 352
L 353
M 353
N 354
S 356
P 356
R 356
Q 356
O 356
T 358
U 358
V 358
W 358
Y 358