American Labour's Cold War Abroad

From Deep Freeze to Détente, 1945-1970

Ebook

American Labour's Cold War Abroad

During the Cold War, American labour organizations were at the centre of the battle for the hearts and minds of working people. At a time when trade unions were a substantial force in both American and European politics, the fiercely anti-communist American Federation of Labor–Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL–CIO), set a strong example for labour organizations overseas. The AFL–CIO cooperated closely with the US government on foreign policy and enjoyed an intimate, if sometimes strained, relationship with the CIA. The activities of its international staff, and especially the often secretive work of Jay Lovestone and Irving Brown—whose biographies read like characters plucked from a Le Carré novel—exerted a major influence on relationships in Europe and beyond.Having mastered the enormous volume of correspondence and other records generated by staffers Lovestone and Brown, Carew presents a lively and clear account of what has largely been an unknown dimension of the Cold War. In impressive detail, Carew maps the international programs of the AFL–CIO during the Cold War and its relations with labour organizations abroad, in addition to providing a summary of the labour situation of a dozen or more countries including Finland, France, Italy, Germany, Japan, Greece, and India. American Labour’s Cold War Abroad reveals how the Cold War compelled trade unionists to reflect on the role of unions in a free society. Yet there was to be no meeting of minds on this, and at the end of the 1960s the AFL–CIO broke with the mainstream of the international labour movement to pursue its own crusade against communism.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Half Title 2
Title 4
Copyright 5
Dedication 6
Contents 8
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 10
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 12
ABBREVIATIONS 16
INTRODUCTION 22
1 Facing the Future—Labour’s World in 1945 28
2 Building Labour’s Anti-Communist Opposition in Europe 48
3 For Multilateralism or “Independent Activities” 86
4 The AFL and CIO Abroad: From Rivalry to Merger 126
5 A Wedding Without a Honeymoon 168
6 Into the 1960s: Claiming a Second ICFTU Scalp 210
7 Who Speaks for American Labour 256
8 Toward an Independent Role 296
9 Au Revoir Becomes Adieu 342
10 Conclusion: The “Cold War” Within the Cold War 360
ABBREVIATIONS USED IN NOTES 374
NOTES 378
BIBLIOGRAPHY 498
A 514
INDEX 514
B 515
C 516
D 518
E 518
F 518
G 519
H 520
I 520
K 521
J 521
L 522
M 523
N 524
O 525
P 525
R 526
S 527
U 528
T 528
V 529
W 529
Y 529
Z 529