The Orders of the Dreamed

George Nelson on Cree and Northern Ojibwa Religion and Myth, 1823

Ebook

The Orders of the Dreamed

The introduction by Brown and Brightman describes Nelson's career in the fur trade and explains the influences affecting his perception and understanding of Native religions. They also provide a comparative summary of Subarctic Algonquian religion, with emphasis on the beliefs and practices described by Nelson. Stan Cuthand, a Cree Anglican minister, author, and language instructor, who lived in Lac la Ronge in the 1940s, adds a commentary relating Nelson's writing to his own knowledge of Cree religion in Saskatchewan. Emma LaRoque, an author and instructor in Native Studies, presents a Native scholar's perspective on the ethics of publishing historical documents.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Contents 6
Illustrations 10
Acknowledgments 12
PART I: INTRODUCTION 14
George Nelson 16
Editorial Procedures 37
PART II: GEORGE NELSON'S LETTER-JOURNAL 40
Conjuring at Lac la Ronge, December 1819 42
Dreaming to Conjure and Predict 46
The Spirits, their Shapes, and their Songs 48
The Supreme Being 48
Old Nick (Key-jick-oh-kay) 49
The Sun; Nelson's Dream 50
Other Beings 50
Roots and Herbs 51
The Manner of Conjuring 52
The Spirits Enter: Their Names and Natures 52
The Conjurors' Power 56
A Cree Myth, 1823: The Birth of Wee-suck-a-jock and Mi-shaw-bose 57
The Battle of Weesuckajock and the Water Lynxes 58
The Making of the Land 60
The Making of Human Beings 61
The Son of Weesuckajock 62
Sickness in Spirit Form: A Lac la Ronge Cree Account 62
The Spirits' Gifts and Demands 64
Encounters with Pah-kack (Skeleton) 64
Sacrifices and Feasts for Pah-kack 66
Pah-kack Feasts at Lac la Ronge 67
Medicines and the Abode of "Esculapius" 68
Songs: Their Transmission and Uses 71
Conjuring against Starvation, Wisconsin, 1804 73
The Soul 75
Soul-darting 77
Sorcery for Protection and Revenge 78
Sexual Sorcery 79
Hunting Medicine 81
Love Medicine 82
Hunters Bewitched and Restored 84
An Iroquois Hunter Bewitched 86
Stories of Nay-han-nee-mis 88
Man in his Natural State 93
Skepticism, Belief, and Innovation 94
Conjuring for a North West Company Gentleman 96
The Lost Traveller and the Wolf Spirit 97
The Windigo 98
Pursuit by a Pah-kack 98
Baiting a Windigo 99
Sources and Forms of Windigo 101
Windigo Dreams 103
Windigo Possession, Lake Winnipeg 104
A Windigo Execution 105
Windigo Cures and Precautions 106
Malignant Spirits 107
Affinities and Origins 108
Deviance, Confession, and Expiation 109
Feasts 113
Conjuring at Lac la Ronge, June 1823 115
Dramatis Personae 120
PART III: NORTHERN ALGONQUIAN RELIGIOUS AND MYTHIC THEMES AND PERSONAGES: CONTEXTS AND COMPARISONS 130
Cosmogonic Myths and Beings from Lac la Ronge 137
Dream Guardians and the Vision Fast 151
The Shaking Lodge 159
The Windigo Complex 171
Medicine: Healing and Sorcery 184
A Final Note 197
PART IV 200
ON NELSON'S TEXT 202
ON THE ETHICS OF PUBLISHING HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS 212
References 218
Index 232
A 232
B 232
C 232
H 233
G 233
F 233
E 233
D 233
I 234
J 234
K 234
L 234
M 234
N 235
O 236
P 236
R 236
S 237